AMCA : Future of Indian AirForce
India’s First fifth generation Highly Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is consider as future of Indian Airforce. AMCA developing by HAL in collaboration with Aeronautical Development Agency , Aircraft Research and Design Centre and with indian private sector .
ADA is the prime designer and developer of the aircraft. AMCA is going to be a single-seat, twin-engine, super maneuverable, stealthy multi-role fighter aircraft with all weather support. So in this article we are seeing the Complete details and why it called Indian Airforce future
What is AMCA :
AMCA is India’s First fifth generation fighter aircraft which is one of the most aspirant future project In Indian Defence.
When Did Project Started :
The AMCA program started In October 2008. When Indian AirForce asked ADA to prepare detailed project report on the development of Medium combat aircraft with stealthy features.
In 2010 project was renamed as Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) . Concept design was finalised and shown to Indian AirForce in 2012, after which full scale development on project was started. In February 2013, the ADA unveiled a 1:8 scale model at Aero India 2013, to show the finalised proposal.
AMCA Design :
AMCA design should be shoulder mounted diamond shaped trapezoidal wings, a profile with substantial area-ruling to reduce drag at transonic speeds, and an all-moving Canard-Vertical V-tail with large fuselage mounted Tail-wing.
Flight control surfaces include leading and trailing-edge flaps, ailerons, rudders on the canted vertical stabilizers, and all-moving tailplanes; these surfaces also serve as Air brakes. The cockpit features a single seat configuration which is placed high, near the air intakes and wings of the aircraft to provide good visibility to the pilot with a single bubble canopy construction.
The aircraft features a tricycle landing gear configuration with a nose landing gear leg and two main landing gear legs. The weapons bay is placed on the underside of the fuselage between the nose and main landing gear. The AMCA is designed to produce a very small radar cross-section, to accomplish this it features serpentine shaped air-intakes to reduce radar exposure to the fan blade which increases stealth, uses an internal weapons bay and features the use of composites and other materials.
The flight control surfaces are controlled by a central management computer system. and raising the wing flaps and ailerons on one side and lowering them on the other provides roll.
The AMCA design was changed so many times, to adopt new model engines, Radar’s and long range missiles. At the initial phase it was announced that the AMCA will be developed by 2018. The configuration was finalised in 2014, with the first flight scheduled for 2018. later it was postponde to design phase expected to be completed by end of 2019. ADA in consultation with the IAF will try to freeze the design of AMCA by June 2020 with first flight planned for 2024. Total of four prototypes are planned initially, and the first flight is expected in 2025 or 2026.Production is expected to begin in
AMCA Future of Indian AirForce and Specification :
AMCA will initially fly with two GE-414 engines and the requiremnt of engine is expected to produce 110 KN of thrust with supercruise speed of Mach 1.82 with both engines. Then AMCA MK2 will be replaced with an indigenous Engine supposed to be K9 or K10.
As AMCA is going to be stealthy aircraft which cant be detect by radar and other electronic measures due to various features to reduce radar cross-section include air frame shaping such as platform alignment of edges, fixed-geometry serpentine inlets that prevent line-of-sight of the engine faces from any exterior view, use of radar-absorbent material (RAM). Efforts have been made to minimise radio emissions and both the infrared signature and acoustic signature as well as reduced visibility to the naked eye.Alignment of wings, tail, flaps and other edges increases radar and visually stealthe. The AMCA will also feature a Diverterless Supersonic Intake, which will help improve its stealth capabilities.
AMCA : Stealthy Fighter :
AMCA would be equipped with an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar mounted on a mechanically steerable mount. An onboard condition monitoring system is planned to be included in the AMCA
Radar absorbing structures , body conformal antennae surface hard aperture, flush air data sensors and frequency selective surface (FSS) . AMCA’s design prevents detection of the aircraft from L band, C band and X band radars.Stealth ability is enhanced by the use of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) during the construction of the air frame and in the airframe and instruments.The aircraft’s thrust vectoring nozzle reduces infrared emissions to mitigate the threat of infrared homing surface-to-air or air-to-air missiles.
AMCA Future of Indian AirForce and its Weapons :
In AMCA stealthy mode there is internal weapon bay which will carry cruise and many BVR air-to-air missiles, also some of the source say AMCA will able to deliver high-energy hits.he aircraft is planned to be equipped with beyond visual range missiles, close combat missiles, standoff weapons, precision weapons and laser guided bombs.
Weapon specification may be change in future as per availability of modern missiles
AMCA Future of Indian AirForce and its first Prototype :
From early stage First Prototype date changing time to time according to initial report. First prototype supposed to be fly by 2018-2019,But as per Recent update
First Prototype will be flying between 2024-2025. After 4 year of all trials it will goes to production around 2029-2030.
Which Country having Fifth Generation fighter plane :
- United States : Currently In Operation F22 and F35
- China : Recently Inducted J20
- Russia : SU 57 (Still In Trial)
- Korea : KAI KF-X (Under Development)
- Turkey : TAI TF-X (Under Development
- India : AMCA (Under Development)
- UK : TEMPEST (6th Gen.Under Development)
- Iraq : IAIO Qaher-313 (Under Development)