Top 10 Tiger Reserve in India
Tiger is most beautiful creature in the world but they are in very less no approximately 3500 out of which 2000 to 2500 alone tigers found in India, thanks to the effort has been taken to protect their habitats area by Indian and State government.There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). In this article we are providing the information of top 10 Tiger reserve from India.
1) Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
The Ranthambore National Park is a most famous national park in India and Tigress Machali was the most Iconic tiger and most stories you heard about it. The amazing thing about Ranthambore is the place which is very close to the Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. Despite that, Tigers take it as their very home and are only increasing in numbers. The park is believed to offer Tiger sights in the most natural facet. Experienced trippers around the region give their word that Tigers could easily be sighted in daytime during the season in Ranthambore. The authorities provide special Tiger trail packages and tours to further make your visit easy and worthwhile.
Nearest Town: Sawai Madhopur, Nearest City: Jaipur
2)Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
Jim Corbett National Park, which is a part of a Project Tiger Reserve lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. The magical landscape of Corbett is well known and fabled for its tiger richness. Established in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park, Corbett has the glory of being India’s oldest and most prestigious National Park. It is also being honored as the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973. This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth of the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.
Special attraction : leopard cat,otters, yellow-throated martens, Himalayan goral, Indian pangolins, Himalayan black bears.
Nearest Town: Nainital, Nearest City: Dehradun
3) Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh
The Dudhwa National Park is a situated in the Terai belt of marshy grasslands of northern Uttar Pradesh, India. It spreaded over an area of 490.3 km2 (189.3 sq mi), with a buffer zone of 190 km2 (73 sq mi). It is part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve in the Kheri and Lakhimpur districts. It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur Kheri District, and has buffers of reserved forest areas on the northern and southern sides. It represents one of the few remaining areas of the diverse and productive Terai ecosystem.
It is well known sanctuary of the swamp deer and is home to tigers, leopards, varieties of deer, antelopes, elephants, jackal, hyena etc, amid thick green forest and grassland. It is also a bird watchers’ heaven. A large number of rhinos are also found here.
Special attraction : swamp deer,barasingha,leopard cat,otters, yellow-throated martens, Honey Badger, Indian pangolins, Himalayan black bears.
Nearest Town: Dudwa , Nearest City: Lucknow
4) Kaziranga National Park – Aasam
Kaziranga National Park is the only natural habitat in the world with such a large number of one-horned Rhinoceros.Kaziranga Forest is the best place to get the unhindered sighting of the various large wild animals such as tigers, leopards, Indian wild elephants, Rhinoceros, wild buffalo and wild boars along with many other small wild animals such as Hoolock Gibbons, spotted deer, swamp deer, Goar, Sambhar and many other species.Declared as the World Heritage site by the UNESCO, this amazing wildlife-rich forest is located in the Assam, a northeastern state of India.Kaziranga National Park is a protected area in the northeast Indian state of Assam. Spread across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, its forests, wetlands and grasslands. Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the endangered Ganges dolphin
Special attraction : Wild water buffalo,Indian rhinoceros,Golden langur,Asian elephants, hog badger, Chinese ferret badgers, and particoloured flying squirrel..
Nearest Town: Kohora , Nearest City: Guwahati
5) Sundarbans National Park -West Bengal
The Sunderbans National Park is a tiger and biosphere reserve located in the Sunderbans delta in the state of West Bengal (India). The Sunderbans is named after the Sundari trees which are found in bulk in this area. The park was established as a national park on 4th May 1984 as earlier it was created as wildlife sanctuary in 1977, designated as the core area of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve.The delta is spread over India and Bangladesh with an area of approximately 10,000 square kilometres and is enjoying the status of being largest halophytic mangrove forest in the world. It is a delta of the two great Indian River The Ganga and The Brahamputra which converges on the Bengal basin. Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site
Special attraction : saltwater crocodile, river terrapin, olive ridley turtle, Ganges river dolphin, hawksbill turtle and mangrove horseshoe crab.
Nearest Town: Canning, Nearest City: Kolkata
6) Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park is spread at vindhya hills in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh National Park consists of a core area of 105 sq km and a buffer area of approximately 400 sq km of topography varies between steep ridges, undulating, forest and open meadows. Bandhavgarh National Park is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The density of the Tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India.
Bandhavgarh National Park was the former hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Rewa and at present is a famous natural hub for White Tigers. White Tigers, now a major attraction around the world’s zoos, were first discovered in Rewa
Special attraction : Indian wolf, striped hyena, and the caracal.
Nearest Town: Gharpuri, Nearest City: Jabalpur
7) Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India that forms the central Indian highlands.The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve and interestingly is being declared as one of the finest wildlife areas in the world. Spreading across two revenue districts the Mandala and the Kalaghat, Kanha National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955.
The Kanha National Park is spread across the area of 940 sq km in the Maikal chain of hills. By bringing up the buffer and core zone all together, the Kanha Tiger Reserve has the total area of 1945 sq km.
The landscapes and the surrounding luxurious meadows along with the wooded strands and the dense maroons of forests offer magnanimous sightseeing experiences for the nature lovers. Making the land more beautiful and adorable, the crystal clear streams amidst the dense jungle cleanses the surroundings and makes the wildlife unrivalled. This vivacious land has been the source of inspiration for Rudyard Kipling, a famous writer for his outstanding creation- “The Jungle Book”.
Special attraction : Wild dog(Dhole), Barasingha, Gaur, Blackbuck.
Nearest Town: Chiraidongri, Nearest City: Mandla
8) Tadoba National Park, Maharashtra
Maharashtra’s oldest and largest National Park, the “Tadoba National Park”, also known as the “Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve” is one of India’s 47 project tiger reserves existing in India. It lies in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra state and is approximately 150 km from Nagpur city. The total area of the tiger reserve is 1,727 Sq.km, which includes the Tadoba National Park, created in the year 1955. The Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in the year 1986 and was amalgamated with the park in 1995 to establish the present Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve. The word ‘Tadoba’ is derived from the name of God “Tadoba” or “Taru,” which is praised by local tribal people of this region and “Andhari” is derived from the name of Andhari river that flows in this area
Special attraction : sloth bears, gaur, nilgai, dhole, striped hyena, small Indian civet, jungle cats, sambar, barking deer, chital, chausingha and honey badger, marsh crocodile.
Nearest Town: Kolsa, Nearest City: Chandrpur
9) Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Bandipur National Park second highest Tiger population in India. Bandipur National Park is located in Gundulpet taluk, Chamarajanagar district. Park is the part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve making it largest protected area in Southern India and largest habitant of Wild Elephants in South Asia.
Bandipur National Park shares its boundary with 3 other National park namely Nagarahole National Park, Wayanad National Park and Mudumalai National park.
Special attraction : Elephants, gaurs, sloth bears, muggers, Indian rock pythons, four-horned antelopes, jackals and dholes.
Nearest Town: Gundlupet , Nearest City: Chamarajanagar
10) Periyar National Park, Kerala
Periyar National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary, locating in Thekkady is the perfect example of nature’s bounty with great scenic beauty and rich biodiversity. In this astounding location of Kerala, the Periyar National Park is considered as the most protected area for the elephants and the tigers. One of the most renowned national parks in South India, the Periyar National Park is set high at the Western Ghat ranges. The protected area is widespread along the area of 925 sq km (357 sq mi). The rest of 350 sq km (140 sq mi) of the core zone was declared as the Periyar National Park in the year 1982.
Special attraction :
Gaur, Indian giant squirrel, Travancore flying squirrel, sloth bear, Nilgiri tahr, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur,
Salim Ali’s fruit bat, Nilgiri marten.
Nearest Town: Vellimalai, Nearest City: Kochi